Have you ever wanted to make a recipe, but realized you are out of an ingredient? Sometimes it is necessary to substitute ingredients. You may not have buttermilk or self-rising flour on hand, but you can still make the recipe.
A substitute can save you time (not having to visit the grocery store) and money (not buying an ingredient you may only use once or twice). Just be aware that using a different ingredient can sometimes change the taste or texture of a recipe.
This list of common ingredient substitutions will help you continue to make the recipes you enjoy.
A Guide To Ingredient Substitutions
Herbs and Spices
Allspice (1 tsp) – 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon, 1/4 tsp ground cloves and a pinch of nutmeg
Anise – fennel seed
Basil – oregano or thyme
Chervil – tarragon or parsley
Chives – green onion
Cilantro – parsley
Cinnamon – nutmeg or allspice
Italian Seasoning – blend of basil, oregano and rosemary
Mace – nutmeg
Marjoram – basil or thyme
Oregano – basil or thyme
Pumpkin Pie Spice (1 tsp) – 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon, 1/4 tsp ground ginger, 1/8 tsp ground allspice and 1/8 tsp ground nutmeg
Rosemary – thyme or tarragon
Saffron – turmeric
Sage – poultry seasoning, marjoram or rosemary
Savory – thyme or sage
Tarragon – chervil or fennel seed
Thyme – basil or oregano
Baking Chocolate (1 square unsweetened) – 3 tbsp unsweetened cocoa and 1 tbsp unsalted butter, vegetable oil or shortening
Baking Powder (1 tsp) – 1/4 tsp baking soda, 1/2 tsp cream or tartar and 1/4 tsp cornstarch
Bread Crumbs – crushed crackers or ground oats
Broth, beef or chicken (1 cup) – 1 bouillon cube dissolved in 1 cup of hot water
Brown Sugar (1 cup) – 1 cup white sugar and 1 1/2 tbsp molasses
Butter – vegetable shortening
Buttermilk (1 cup) – 1 tbsp lemon juice or white vinegar and milk to make 1 cup. Stir and let stand for five minutes.
Cake Flour (1 cup) – Measure out 1 cup of all-purpose flour. Take out 2 tbsp of flour and put back into your jar. Replace the flour removed with 2 tbsp of cornstarch. Sift together 3 – 5 times to combine the mixture and aerate the flour.
Chocolate Chips, semi-sweet (1 oz) – 1 oz of sweet cooking chocolate
Crème Fraiche (1 cup) – 1 cup of heavy cream and 1 tbsp plain yogurt
Egg – 1/4 cup unsweetened applesauce or 1 tbsp ground flax seed with 3 tbsp water or 1/2 mashed banana with 1/2 tsp baking powder
Heavy Cream (1 cup) – 3/4 cup whole milk and 1/4 cup melted butter
Honey (1 cup) – 1 cup of maple syrup or 1 cup light molasses or 1 1/4 cup white sugar and 1/3 cup water
Lemon Juice (1 tsp) – 1/2 tsp white vinegar
Self-Rising Flour (1 cup) – 1 cup all-purpose flour, 1 1/2 tsp baking powder and 1/4 tsp of salt
Sour Cream (1 cup) – 1 cup of plain yogurt
Vanilla Bean – 2 tsp vanilla extract
Vegetable Oil (1 cup) – 1 cup of butter or 1 cup of unsweetened applesauce
What are your favorite ingredient substitutes?
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